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Orthopedics is the medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of injuries and diseases of the skeletal muscle system of the human body. This complex system includes the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves that allow a person to move, work and be active.

Some time ago orthopedics was dedicated to the care of children with spinal or limb deformities, orthopedics is currently dedicated to patients of all ages, from newborns with clubfoot, young athletes who need arthroscopic surgery to arthritic elders. Anyone can break a bone.

Your orthopedic doctor takes care of problems that affect the skeletal muscle system. Your orthopaedist specializes in:

The diagnosis of your injury or disorder
Treatment with medications, exercises, surgery or other treatment plans
The rehabilitation recommending exercises or physical therapy to recover movement, strength or functioning
Prevention by providing information and treatment plans to prevent injuries or delay the progression of diseases.

While most orthopedists are dedicated to general practices, some may specialize in foot, hand, shoulder, spine, hip, knee and in pediatrics, trauma or sports medicine. Some orthopedists specialize in various disciplines.

Your orthopedic surgeon is a medical doctor with extensive training in the diagnosis and treatment of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. His orthopedist completed at least 12 years of studies.

Six years of medical school
One year of compulsory social service
Four years of residency in orthopedics at a recognized medical center
One or two optional years of specialized education
Your orthopedic doctor dedicates several hours of study annually to orthopedics, attend theoretical and practical refresher courses.


The technological advances used in joint replacement operations and arthroscopic operations that allows orthopedists to look inside the joints have benefited patients. However, your visit will begin with the personal interview and medical examination and your doctor may also require blood tests, x-rays, or other tests.

Your treatment may include medical advice, medications, splints, plaster, and other therapies such as exercise or surgery. There is more than one treatment for most orthopedic diseases and injuries. Your doctor will explain the various treatment options and help you select the best treatment that allows you to continue with your active life.